Create Website Django Python – Note: To follow this tutorial you must understand Django and how the MVT (Model View Model) concept works in Django What is Django?
Django is a high-level Python Web Framework that supports rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. Built by experienced developers, it takes care of most of the hassles of web development, so you can focus on writing your apps without reinventing the wheel. It is free and open source. What is e-commerce?
Create Website Django Python
E-commerce, also known as e-commerce or Internet commerce, refers to the use of the Internet to buy and sell goods and services, and the transfer of money and data to complete these transactions. E-commerce is often used to refer to the online sale of physical products, but it can also describe any commercial transaction facilitated over the Internet.
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Before we install the Django framework on your device, we will create a Virtual Environment. In this tutorial I will create a Virtual Environment using Anaconda.
If you don’t have anaconda installed, I’m sure there are plenty of tutorials out there to help you create anaconda. If you don’t care about the virtual environment, you can skip installing Django
Before installing the Django Framework, make sure your virtual environment is enabled. After enabling the virtual environment, you can continue with this tutorial.
This command will give you a directory named core. In this main directory, we will manage the main part of our website
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This will give you a port number to serve to your Django application. The default port is 8000, which will give you http://localhost:8000/ and finally redirect to http://localhost:8000/ in your browser.
Then run the command below which will compile a static asset file so our models can use the styles from the mdb model:
6. Don’t forget to run your server one last time and update your browser. This will display the home page of the e-commerce website:
I hope you found the first part of this guide useful. In the next lesson, we will create a database and add orders to the cart
Creating Interactive Views In Django
Analytics Vidhya is a community of analytics and data science professionals. We’re building a next-generation data science ecosystem https://www.analyticsvidhya.com While Django is useful for writing APIs, its primary purpose is as a framework for building full-fledged websites. HTML rendering is one of Django’s core capabilities and uses Jinja templates to write flexible and reusable web pages. This article will teach you how to create a basic website using Django; we will create a sales dashboard with access protection. This project will demonstrate basic web development techniques using Django: writing views for HTML, form validation, displaying DB data, and embedding static assets.
This article discusses an iterative approach to web page development. You can start by installing Python 3 and Django 2.2 and follow along or skip ahead and copy the latest version from GitHub. If you are building with me, start running
We’ll start by writing a simple HTML view for the browser. Django supports function-based views and class-based views. In these examples, we’ll use the class-based view, but both provide the same features with different syntaxes, so this decision is a matter of personal preference. Class-based views are most useful when you want to support multiple interactions with a URL, for example when you need to support multiple HTTP methods.
In this article, we practice Django, not HTML or CSS. So we’re going to use a nice open source template from Start Bootstrap. The template provides us with all the HTML, CSS, and JS we need for this exercise, allowing us to focus on Django. If you’re starting from scratch, download your template and copy the index.html and login.html files to /core/templates. We will leave many of the functions in these templates as placeholders, but they will help us write interactive websites.
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After saving the template in “/core/templates/index.html”, we can render the page using the following view in “/core/views.py”.
If we take a good look at the content of the page, it turns out that there is a lot of (fake) secret information on it! Let’s restrict access with login pages, a good introduction to using forms on web pages in Django.
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So far, you’ll notice that our login view is almost identical to our index view. This will soon change to support real pages. Let’s go to the login page at http://127.0.0.1/login/. Try logging in with the superuser credentials you created earlier.
Although the page looks good, it doesn’t do anything. For this we will need to use a form. Fortunately, Django provides excellent defaults
This will also require some changes to the HTML of the login page. Django supports Jinja modeling out of the box. The Jinja template is an HTML extension that allows you to insert double-enclosed data
By including this script later, we can add some CSS. Since Jinja renders elements on the HTML server side, we can rely on the element IDs in the DOM when running this script on the client.
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After these changes, by visiting the login page, we will be able to login and see the main dashboard. However, eagle-eyed readers will note that we haven’t implemented any dashboard security yet. In fact, anyone can still visit the index and see all the classified information there. So we need to inherit from another class
The class prevents access to the pages it protects by anyone other than an authenticated user. If someone tries to access the index before logging in, it will redirect them to a login page to authenticate themselves.
We used Jinja to integrate the form; We can also use it to avoid repetitive code. Right now we only have two html pages, but throughout the implementation of this application there will be dozens of pages. Instead of copying and pasting standard elements, we can inherit headers from the base template.
We’ll start by creating a new file called “base.html” inside “core/templates”. This file contains common header information between two pages.
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Another place to use the Jinja theme is on our home page. Currently, all the numbers in the table are hard-coded in HTML, so the web page itself has to be edited every time the data changes. Instead, we can store that data in our database and pass it to the view. This will save us about 500 lines of HTML manual with current data.
First, the database needs a model to represent employees. In “core/models.py” we define the worker as follows.
). Go to /admin and click on the employee table. Click on “Add Employee” in the upper right corner and enter the required information in the form.
Do this a few times until you have a small fake company. Then go back to our “views.py” and change it
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Finally, delete the entire dummy table in “index.html” and replace it with a for loop on the data we put in the database.
Instead of returning the aggregated data, Django creates the index by dropping it from our database. All search and ordering functions still work as before, the only difference is that the html is generated server-side from the database instead of being hard-coded.
Now we have seen some powerful templates for creating web pages using Django and Jinja. Using templates and extensions allows you to reuse common code between pages. Forms allow us to securely collect and transmit user information (when the website is served over HTTPS). We can use server-side rendering to insert data into HTML and send it to the client. These basic templates are essential skills that will help you create a wide variety of web pages in Django. A week ago, I prepared a program for internal employees to be evaluated for their academic achievements and shared it with my colleagues. It was so basic that I thought I was missing something.
I decided not to write a compilation of best practices, but a process that I followed (it’s not much, I’m sure). But I hope to share tips, tools, and steps that will help other developers.
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Create a web application where employees can earn “badges,” i.e., recognition for completing training activities. Other websites offer similar functionality, such as youracclaim.com
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